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The franc (represented by the franc sign or more commonly just F) is a
(图)FRFFRF
former currency of France. Between 1360 and 1641, it was the name of coins worth 1 livre tournois and it remained in common parlance as a term for this amount of money. It was re-introduced (in decimal form) in 1795 and remained the national currency until the introduction of the euro in 1999 (for accounting purposes) and 2002 (coins and banknotes).
Coins
The first coins were issued in denominations of 1 and 5 centimes, 1 and 2 decimes (in copper), quarter, half, 1, 2, and 5 francs (in silver), and 20 and 40 francs (in gold). Copper coins were not issued between 1801 and 1848, leaving the quarter-franc as the smallest coin being minted. During this period, copper coins from the previous currency system circulated, with a one-sou coin being valued at 5 centimes.
(图)FRFFRF

At the time of the complete changeover to the euro on 1 January 2002, the coins in circulation (some of which were still produced during 2000) were:
• 1 centime (~ 0.1524 eurocents) stainless steel, rarely circulated (last production stopped around 1982 due to its excessive production cost, and no more demand for it in commerce due to higher inflation and most shop prices rounded to 5 centimes).
• 5 centimes (~ 0.7622 eurocents) aluminum-bronze
• 10 centimes (~ 1.524 eurocents) aluminum-bronze
• 20 centimes (~ 3.049 eurocents) aluminum-bronze
• ½ franc (~ 7.622 eurocents) nickel
• 1 franc (~ 15.24 eurocents) nickel
• 2 francs (~ 30.49 eurocents) nickel
• 5 francs (~ 76.22 eurocents) nickel clad copper-nickel
• 10 francs (~ 1.52) bimetallic (very frequent, but the banknote equivalent was still in circulation)
• 20 francs (~ 3.05) trimetallic, more rare (produced for a short period before the euro, the banknote equivalent was much more frequently used)
(图)FRFFRF


• 100 francs (~ 15.24) silver, rarely circulated (most often bought and offered as personal gifts, but rare in commercial transactions, this coin has now a higher value than its nominal price at the official conversion rate).
Coins were freely exchangeable until February 17, 2005 at Banque de France only (some commercial banks could still perform it but were not required to offer this service for free after the transition period in 2001), by converting their total value in francs to euros (rounded to the nearest eurocent) at the official fixed rate of 6.55957 francs for 1 euro. Banknotes are officially convertible up to 17 February 2012
Banknotes
The first franc paper money issues were made in 1795. They were assignats in denominations between 100 and 10,000 francs. These followed in 1796 by "territorial mandate promises" for 25 up to 500 francs. The treasury also issued notes that year for 25 up to 1000 francs.
In 1800, the Bank of France began issuing notes, first in denominations of 500 and 1000 francs. In the 1840s, 100- and 200-franc notes were added, while 5-, 20- and 50- francs were added in the 1860s and 70s, although the 200-franc note was discontinued.
The First World War saw the introduction of 10- and 5000-franc notes but, despite base metal 5-franc coins being introduced after the war, the banknotes were not removed.
In 1944, the liberating Allies introduced paper money in denominations between 2 and 1000 francs. Following the war, 10,000-franc notes were introduced, while 5-, 10- and 20-franc notes were replaced by coins, as were the 50- and 100-franc notes in the 1950s.
The first issue of the new franc consisted of 500-, 1000-, 5000- and 10,000-franc notes overprinted with their new denominations of 5, 10, 50 and 100 new francs. This issue was followed by notes of the same design but with only the new denomination shown. 500-new franc notes were also introduced at this time. 5- and 10- franc notes were withdrawn in 1970 and 1979, respectively.


法国法郎(French Franc,原符号:F.F.;Fr.Fc.; F.FR.,标准符号:FRF)
货币制度
  法郎最初为金银复本位货币。1865年在法国的倡导下,法国、意大利、瑞士和比利时在巴黎召开会议,宣布组建拉丁货币同盟(希腊、西班牙、罗马尼亚、委内瑞拉等国后来加入),实施基于法国体系的金银复本位货币制度。其成员国承诺只铸造100法郎、50法郎、20法郎、10法郎和5法郎的金币,以及5、2、1法郎和50、20生丁的银币。美国在南北战争之后发行的5美元鹰徽金币和英国的沙弗林金币(Sovereign,合30先令或1.5英镑)价值均接近25法郎,因此两国提出以法国发行25法郎金币的方式同拉丁货币同盟建立联系,但这一建议被担心货币重铸成本的法国拒绝。
  由于金银比价在19世纪后期不断跳动,导致金银复本位制度的崩溃。在法国,金银比价从1807年至1870年的1:15变为1874年的1:16.17,黄金大量流出,法国不得不于1876年实行金本位制度,废止5法郎银币的流通,并规定法郎含金量为0.2903225克。
第一次世界大战后,法国采取纸币通货膨胀的政策,法郎发生贬值,到1922年时,其购买力已跌至1915年的43%,同英镑的比价从1914年的25.22:1跌到1926年的240.2:1。法国不得不终止金本位的实行。1928年法国制订新货币法,规定法郎含金量为0.065克,仅相当于一战前的1/5。
流通
  停止流通期限:2002.02.17 ,商业银行停止收兑期限:2002.06.30 , 中央银行停止收兑期限:纸币10年,辅币3年
  2002年1月1日欧元发行之后,法郎已逐渐的停止流通,法国的国家银行,法兰西银行在2002年已停止兑换某些法郎旧钞,而2005年后,旧钞中的高乃依(Corneille)系列﹙有5法郎、100法郎﹚或10法郎白辽士(Berlioz)系列的钞票也不能再换欧元。届时在法国流通的法郎将只剩下几种﹙可用到2012年2月17日﹚,分别是:
• 500法郎“皮埃尔和玛丽•居里”(Pierre et Marie Curie,1995年3月发行),
• 200法郎的“居斯塔夫•艾菲尔”(Gustave Eiffel,1996年10月发行)
• 100法郎的“塞尚”(Paul Cezanne,1997年12月发行),
• 50法郎的“圣•埃克苏佩里”(Saint-Exupery,1993年10月发行)
• 20法郎的“德彪西” (Debussy,1981年10月发行)。
  下列旧钞则可用到2009年
• 500法郎的“帕斯卡尔”(Pascal,1969年1月发行),
• 200法郎的“孟德斯鸠” (Montesquieu,1982年7月发行),
• 100法郎的“德拉克罗瓦”(Delacroix,1979年8月发行)
• 50法郎的“康坦•德•拉图尔” (Quentin de La Tour,1977年4月发行)
除了在法国使用,法国法郎也曾是摩纳哥和安道尔的流通货币。现在,这两个国家也都已转用欧元。
主要印制特征
  1、纸张
  法国法郎的纸张极薄、只有普通纸张的二分之一。纸张呈布纹状,纤维长,密度高,挺括度好、不易断裂、经长时间使用不起毛,不松软。
  2、对印
  它不象其它钞票那样,在钞票的某一部分单独印有对印图案。法国法郎的人像是两面一次对印,正、背面人像相同,透视完全重合。另外,钞票的外眶、水印窗及部分面额数字都成对印。对印技术是钞票防假的重要手段之一,无疑法郎的这种对印方法,对钞票防假是非常有效的。
  3、主要图案的印刷
  法国法郎钞票的主要图案是以彩色套印成图案后,再通过黑色凹印,突出了图案的主题、使图案色彩丰富、清晰、更富有立体感,有油画的效果。
  4、序号
  法国法郎有三组数字,一组是连号、通常是由九位或十位阿拉伯数字组成,在钞票正面的中上方。另一级是校对号,由五位或六位数字组成,它与连号的后几位相同。还有一组是检查号码,它是由一个字母和两个或三个阿拉伯数字组成。
1993年以后法兰西银行先后发行了50法郎、200法郎及500法郎新版钞票。新版钞票改变以以往的印刷风格、纸张不如原来薄、增加了开窗式安全线。人像也不再是正背对印、面改为各种图案的互补对印,官员签字改在钞票的背面。取消了原来的校对号对号码,连号改为正背面各一组。
面值与换算
  1FRF=100centimes(生丁,分)
  辅币单位是生丁(centime)。
  辅币进位: 1法郎=100生丁(CENTIMES)
  流通的纸币面额有20、50、100、200、500法郎;
  硬币面额有5、10、20生丁和1/2、1、2、5、10法郎。

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